How Does Disability And Sensory Impairments Influence A Child's Development?


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In the most part, disability and sensory impairments in children can restrict development and slow the rate of natural progression. A lot of what human beings acquire as knowledge comes from sense experience, and so impaired senses may reduce one's ability to take on board new ideas and information. Indeed, many philosophers deem the only way of gaining knowledge to be as a result of sense experience, so it could be argued that impaired feelings of touch, taste, smell, hearing and vision dramatically slow down a child's development in terms of knowledge acquisition and social skills.

The impact on development of other disabilities aside from sensory impairments will vary depending on what the disability is and whether it is physical or mental. A physical disability will naturally restrict a youngster's physical development, and may affect their walking and other types of movement. Mental disabilities, on the other hand, refer more closely to the cognitive processes in a child's brain. Mental disabilities may affect physical aspects of a child's development as well as their educational and social progression because the brain dictates a person's movement. However, with both types of disability - physical and mental - the restrictions put on a child's progression will depend largely on the severity of their condition. More serious disabilities will impair development more than milder ones, for instance.

Modern treatments for disabilities and sensory impairments are designed to enhance other body parts and senses to bring the best out in them and compensate for the lack in another department. Multi-sensory therapy is designed to present children with various activities targeting a range of senses. It is worth noting that, more often than not, children with one type of sensory impairment normally have very acute other senses.

All-in-all, it's fair to conclude that the restrictions placed on a child's development because of sensory impairments and physical/mental disabilities vary dependent upon how severe the disability is. It can also be surmised that such conditions are having less and less of a negative impact on development as a result of new and improved treatments emerging to aid development.

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